Articles on the book written by Peter Hessel

Here is an excerpt of the first article.


A historical book written by an Ottawa Valley writer is still bringing together threads of military history connecting Canada and Germany.

In 2005, “The Mystery of Frankenberg’s Canadian Airman – an eye-witness to terror bombing and the quest for truth, justice, and reconciliation in Canada and Germany” was published by James Lorimer and Company of Toronto. The book had been written by Peter Hessel, who had grown up in Germany during the Hitler era and emigrated to Canada in 1952.

The writer, who for many years has resided at Waba in the Arnprior area, is best known in the Upper Ottawa Valley for another book, “Destination: Ottawa Valley,” a book detailing the the German immigration to the Ottawa Valley in the mid-1800s. For many of the descendants of the 12,000 members of that group, the book became a link to the places and people their ancestors had left behind for a new life as pioneers in this country.

He was born in Chemnitz, in the province of Saxony in Eastern Germany, and was living in Frankenberg, a city then just a bit bigger than Pembroke, not far from his birthplace. In 1945, Chemnitz had a population of approximately 350,000. That city was targeted by Allied bombers on March 5, 1945, almost a month after the bombing that destroyed Dresden, about 80 km away.

I also found this…

The unknown soldier

Solving the mystery of a Canadian airman’s death

BRIAN BETHUNE | Nov 07, 2005

It’s not the way Canadians care to remember their part in the Last Good War. On the night of March 5, 1945, the RCAF contributed 195 aircraft to the massive bombing raid that levelled the German city of Chemnitz. Weeks later, under the heading “Durch Terror gefallen“(“Killed by Terror”), the local newspaper was still commemorating the 2,100 civilian dead: “Marieluise — it was God’s will that on March 5, we should lose our dear child, age 10; Charlotte Eichbichler — my dear wife with her six children were cruelly torn from me; Helene Schmieder, Ursula Schmieder, Alma Schmieder — it is so painful to have lost my wife, my daughter and my mother all at once.”

The slaughter of the bombing campaign has troubled us ever since, and is one reason Canadians tend to ignore the fact it cost this country dearly too. Almost 10,000 men, nearly a quarter of Canada’s total war losses, died in the air war. The Chemnitz raid took its share: 89 young men killed flying or fighting, brought down by freak weather conditions, German defences or friendly fire.

And one airman was murdered on the ground.

A day or two after the raid, a downed Canadian aviator was being taken to the railway station in the small town of Frankenberg, 15 km east of Chemnitz, when several men in civilian clothing rushed out of hiding and beat him to death with clubs while his Wehrmacht escort stood idly by. Peter Hessel, a 13-year-old refugee from earlier raids on Chemnitz, was in Frankenberg at the time, no more than a kilometre from the murder site. But he didn’t hear about it for another 59 years, more than a half-century after he had moved to Canada. When Hessel, a retired Ottawa-area civil servant, did learn of the war crime in February 2004, he felt his unique position placed a responsibility on him: “I was right there as a German, and now I am a Canadian. No one even knew who this young man was. I had to find out what happened.”

The result of a year’s relentless investigation is Hessel’s The Mystery of Frankenberg’s Canadian Airman. In part it’s an absorbing reverse whodunit — Hessel found enough witnesses to be sure the crime occurred, and to believe the culprits were prominent local Nazis, but identifying the victim seemed at times impossible. Canadian war crimes investigators had quickly given up after the war: Frankenberg was in the Soviet zone, and relations were already chilly. In the end, by shrewdly following a single tenuous lead, Hessel learned that the airman was Jean-Maurice D’Avril, a 22-year-old Montrealer.

But the book is much more than an account of solving a mystery. The Allied bombing campaign killed more than half a million Germans — crushed in their homes, roasted alive or asphyxiated. The flyers themselves were in grave danger in the air, as their casualty lists show; on the ground, alone and unarmed among their targets, they were helpless. Hessel notes that at least 45 downed Canadian airmen were murdered in Germany during the last 10 months of the war. The vast majority of killers were men in uniform, from Gestapo agents to a forest warden, who were following the lead of top Nazis like Josef Goebbels, who called the airmen “terrorists” undeserving of the rights of POWs. On the other hand, Hessel interviewed numerous Canadian air force POWs who did survive the war, and they recalled being protected from angry civilians by German soldiers.

Hessel displays a rare understanding of both national perspectives. Born to an extended family of Nazi fanatics(his mother excepted)a year before Hitler took power, he was well-indoctrinated as a child. He was on the ground when 700 bombers at a time spanned the skies. From 80 km away he watched the Dresden firestorm and worried about his relatives there. As it turned out, his aunt and two cousins survived the bombing, then killed themselves in despair the morning after.

But Hessel has been a Canadian now for far longer than he was a German, and he honours the sacrifices Canadians made in destroying Nazism. He refuses to call the bombing campaign terrorism. “The Nazis called it that, which is one reason I don’t — they never called what they did to British cities ‘terrorism.’ It’s up to the reader to judge for himself.” Instead, Hessel focuses on reconciliation, stressing it’s time to acknowledge that “Canadians caused great suffering in Germany, and that Germans caused great suffering to Canadians.”

Today in Frankenberg, entirely because of Peter Hessel’s efforts, a plaque at the murder site — carved in English, French and German — commemorates that lonely, unnecessary death, one among millions. At its unveiling on March 6, Lise D’Avril, the sister of the murdered man, met witnesses who saw him die almost exactly 60 years before, a step on Hessel’s road to reconciliation.

Memorial to WWII PoW defaced

While waiting for the book to arrive, I found this article written in 2008

A controversial memorial to a Canadian murdered by a mob of German civilians during the Second World War has been plastered over with Nazi posters.

The Gazette (Montreal) January 15, 2008

A controversial memorial to a Canadian murdered by a mob of German civilians during the Second World War has been plastered over with Nazi posters.

The much-debated memorial to Pilot Officer Jean-Maurice Joseph D’Avril of 425 Squadron of Bomber Command is located in Frankenberg on the site where the Montreal wireless operator and air gunner, a prisoner of war at the time, was attacked by a group of German civilians and clubbed to death as he was marched through the town.

“Here, the Canadian prisoner of war, RCAF P/O Jean-Maurice D’Avril (22) was cowardly beaten to death in March 1945,” a plaque says in English, French and German. “We mourn him and all victims of war.”

The memorial was erected largely through the efforts of Peter Hessel, a German-born author and translator who spent part of the war as a child in Frankenberg. Hessel raised the funds for the memorial largely through the Royal Canadian Legion and some private donors in Canada and Germany.

As well, in 2005 Hessel produced a book, titled The Mystery of Frankenberg’s Canadian Airman, publicly naming D’Avril for the first time as the murdered Canadian.

In a telephone interview, Hessel, in Germany doing research, said he was notified by friends in Frankenberg that the D’Avril memorial had been defaced with posters showing images of Nazi soldiers and containing slogans which Hessel translated as: Honour those who deserve it and In memory of German war dead.

The defacement was blamed on the National Socialist Party of Chemnitz, an industrial city near Frankenberg that was greatly damaged by Canadian bombers during the Second World War. Chemnitz is located in the state of Saxony, where the neo-Nazi National Democratic Party, known by its German initials NPD, won more than nine per cent of the popular vote in the last election for the state parliament.

Pilot Officer Jean-Maurice D’Avril, 1923-1945


Jean-Maurice d’Avril was killed while he was being transfered to a prison camp.

The precise date of his death is still unknown according to Peter Hessel.

His death occurred around March 6, 1945, in Frankenberg.

In memory of
Pilot Officer
who died on March 5, 1945

Military Service:

Service Number: J/93925
Age: 22
Force: Air Force
Unit: Royal Canadian Air Force
Division: 425 Sqdn.

Additional Information:

Son of Henri and Cecilia D’Avril, of Montreal, Quebec.

Burial Information:


I met someone who wrote me a comment on my French blog Souvenirs de guerre.

She is the daughter of Group Captain Tony Brassard. She wants to write a book about her father. Group Captain Brassard was with the 425th Alouettes. Jean-Maurice was also with the 425th Alouettes and a book has been writtent about him.

Come back next time for the story.