Marquise-Ost

I have found from what airfield Feldwebel Günther Kramer took off on August 31st, 1940. He took off from Marquise-Ost in the Pas-de-Calais.

This is where I got information about this simple grass airstrip in France.

Near the French city of Marquise the Germans established two airfields to fight the Battle of Britain in the summer of 1940 . The first of these, Marquise-Ost, was situated close to the village of Hydrequent, while the second, called Marquise-West by the Germans, was constructed near Ledquent. The location of the 2 airfields can be found on the GoogleEarth map below:

1. MARQUISE-OST

The airfield Marquise-Ost was established just to the north of the village of Hydrequent, as a simple grass airstrip. Today, nothing remains of the airfield.

The first Luftwaffe unit to arrive at the airfield was the II Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 26which arrived on 21 July 1940 and stayed until 7 December of the same year. From 20 August 1940 it was joined by the I Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 77. When this unit left the airfield on 21 November 1940, it was replaced from that date by the IV Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 51, which remained until in December.

2. MARQUISE-WEST

The airfield Marquise-West was situated between the villages of Ledquent and Marquise, straddling both sides of the current motorway A16. Here too, the airstrip was grass only. However, some sources claim remains of concrete Rollstrasse or taxiways and emplacements for hangars can still be found today.

In 1940 the airfield was used systematically only by the Jagdgeschwader 51. As early as June 1940 the II Gruppe arrived and stayed until September 1940. The airfield was also used in 1941, notably from 16 April until 7 June 1941, by the IV Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 51, which had stayed at Marquise-Ost the year before.

In the period June 1941-1942 the airfield was only used on an irregular basis, for example for emergency landings. However, until September 1942 Luftwaffe troops were stationed in Ledquent, very close to the perimeter, perhaps partly inside the perimeter of Marquise-West.  The names of the units involved clearly indicate their connection to the airfield: Fliegerhorstkompanie, Nachrichtenstelle, Flugleitung, Feuerwehr, Wetterstelle, 7. leichte Flakgruppe, Sanitätsstaffel. These units totalled 153 soldiers and were command by Luftwaffe Hauptmann Schueler, with Oberleutnant Fonfara as second-in-command.

After September 1942 the infrastructure was handed over to the Heer. However, many of the bunkers still remain today and explicitly show the close relationshup with the Luftwaffe through the abundant presence of paintings on walls and ceiling. More information on the bunkers of Stp 188 Schlesien can be found here.

3. FLIEGERHORSTKOMMANDANTUR

In the period June 1940 – September 1943 the airfield installations were governed by the Fliegerhorstkommandantur E 13/VIII. Initially commanded by Hauptmann Karl Hübschle, HauptmannFelix Peltzner took over in May 1943.

Now we know for sure where Feldwebel Günther Kramer took off on August 31st, 1940.

The next pictures were found on the same Website I took this picture from.

Bf-109E3-1.JG77-(W15+o)-side-profile-view-1939-01

We have pictures of Bf 109. The insignia on the cowl probably belongs to I Gruppe, but I can’t be sure.

Hannes Trautloft Bf 109 shoe

The caption is most interesting.

Frankreich, Jagdflugzeuge Me 109 auf Feldflugplatz

Bf-109E3-I.JG77-France-1940-03 captionBundesarchiv, Bild 101I-058-1784A14
Foto: Eckert, Erhart | 1940 August – September (source)

According to the caption, the picture was taken in France in August or September 1940.

Here are two other pictures without captions, but we can tell they were taken by the same photographer.

Bf-109E3-I.JG77-France-1940-01 Bf-109E3-I.JG77-France-1940-02

These three pictures seemed to make more sense when I read this one more time to go back in time on a small grass airstrip in Marquise…

Near the French city of Marquise the Germans established two airfields to fight the Battle of Britain in the summer of 1940 . The first of these, Marquise-Ost, was situated close to the village of Hydrequent, while the second, called Marquise-West by the Germans, was constructed near Ledquent. The location of the 2 airfields can be found on the GoogleEarth map below:

1. MARQUISE-OST

The airfield Marquise-Ost was established just to the north of the village of Hydrequent, as a simple grass airstrip. Today, nothing remains of the airfield.

The first Luftwaffe unit to arrive at the airfield was the II Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 26, which arrived on 21 July 1940 and stayed until 7 December of the same year. From 20 August 1940 it was joined by the I Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 77. When this unit left the airfield on 21 November 1940, it was replaced from that date by the IV Gruppe/Jagdgeschwader 51, which remained until in December.

Feldwebel Günther Kramer probably would have taken off on August 31st, 1940 from Marquise-Ost on a plane similar to this one.

Bf-109E3-I.JG77-France-1940-01

I found More information on Marquise-Ost here.

But are we sure that all this information is true?

Frankreich, Jagdflugzeuge Me 109 auf Feldflugplatz

8 thoughts on “Marquise-Ost

    1. I am putting all this information on the Internet as to reach out for some relatives.
      Some of the stories are quite interesting.

  1. Bundesarchiv wrote back…

    Dear Mr Lagacé,

    thank you very much for your e-mail und your hint.

    Unfortunately we don’t have ANY information on this film strip. It seems the strip belongs to another film which can be matched no more. Therefore I deleted the photographer and the exact date. From another user we got the hint it is Mont Marsan in France …

    I now registered both possibilities.

    Sincerely,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s